For questions 75-80, read the following text and then choose from the list A-J the best phrase given below to fill each of the spaces. Write one letter (A-J) in the correct box on your answer sheet. Each correct phrase may only be used once. Some of the suggested answers do not fit at all. The exercise begins with an example (0).
English was first written down in the 6th century. At that time, writers had to use the twenty-three letters of the Latin alphabet (0)…….. Because English has sounds that do not exist in Latin, they added letters (75) ….. . This resulted in some irregular spelling. After the Norman invasion of England in 1066, French became the language spoken by the king and other people in positions of power and influence. Many French words were introduced and the spelling of many English words changed (76)…….. The result was a rich and irregular mix of spellings.
The printing press was invented in the 15th century. Many early printers of English texts spoke other first languages, especially Dutch. They often paid little attention (77) ….. . Sometimes technical decisions were made (78)…….. To do this, letters were taken off the ends of words and sometimes added to words. With time, people became used (79) ….. . Fixed spellings were therefore created by the printers’ decisions. Spoken English, however, was not fixed. It continued (80)…….. It is no wonder that English spelling seems irregular. Words such as although, through and cough, for example, all have the same spelling at the end, but are pronounced differently. Words such as feet, meat and seize, on the other hand, are spelled differently but have the same sound in the middle.
A. to have a great influence
B. to seeing words spelled in the same way
C. to follow French patterns
D. to change, as it still does
E. to show the spellings influence the French
G. to how English words were spelled
H. to represent the forty-four sounds of English
I. to give columns of print straight edges
J. to write down what they heard